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Examples
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  • Cytochrome a1c1 (nitrite-cytochrome c oxidoreductase) purified from Nitrobacter winogradskyi (formerly N. agilis) contained molybdenum, non-heme The fluorescence spectra of the molybdenum cofactor derivative prepared from cytochrome a1c1 were very similar to those of the cofactor derivative. — “Cytochrome”,
  • Encyclopedia article about Cytochrome. Information about Cytochrome in the Columbia Encyclopedia, Computer Desktop Encyclopedia, computing dictionary. cytochrome p450, cytochromes, cytochrome c, cytochrome b. — “Cytochrome definition of Cytochrome in the Free Online”, encyclopedia2
  • Cytochrome c is a highly conserved ~12 kDa protein consisting of a single 104 amino acid peptide with a single heme group, which is covalently attached to Cys and Cys. Because of its ubiquitous nature and sequence homology, cytochrome c has been. — “Cytochrome c - A Model Protein for Molecular Evolution”,
  • Apaf-3 is a member of the caspase family: specifically, caspase-9. Caspase-9 and Apaf-1 bind to each other via their respective NH2-terminal CED-3 homologous domains in the presence of cytochrome c and dATP, an event that leads to caspase-9 activation. — “Cytochrome c proximal and Cytochrome c distal”,
  • They thought they found a powerful piece of evidence when cytochrome C was discovered. Cytochrome C is a protein found in almost all living things. — “Cytochrome C”,
  • cytochrome ( ) n. Any of a class of iron-containing proteins important in cell respiration as catalysts of oxidation-reduction. — “cytochrome: Definition from ”,
  • Definition of cytochrome in the Medical Dictionary. cytochrome explanation. Information about cytochrome in Free online English dictionary. What is cytochrome? Meaning of cytochrome medical term. What does cytochrome mean?. — “cytochrome - definition of cytochrome in the Medical”, medical-
  • Cytochrome - Any of several respiratory pigments that occur in animal and plant cell membranes and serve to transfer electrons from a substrate to a terminal acceptor such as oxygen. [NABIR Bioremediation Glossary] News archive for Cytochrome: DNA barcoding takes on the world - 04 Aug 2008. — “Cytochrome”,
  • Definition of cytochrome from Webster's New World College Dictionary. Meaning of cytochrome. Pronunciation of cytochrome. Definition of the word cytochrome. Origin of the word cytochrome. — “cytochrome - Definition of cytochrome at ”,
  • Cytochrome P450: New Nomenclature and Clinical Implications Many drug interactions are a result of inhibition or induction of cytochrome P450 enzymes (CYP450). — “Cytochrome P450: New Nomenclature and Clinical Implications”,
  • Cytochrome bc1 complex (ubiquinol:ferricytochrome c oxidoreductase) is found in mitochondria, photosynthetic It is minimally composed of three subunits: cytochrome b, carrying a low- and a high-potential haem group; cytochrome c1 (cyt c1); and a high-potential Rieske iron-sulphur protein. — “IPR002326 Cytochrome c1”,
  • In cytochrome c oxidases, the subunit contains a Cu center (CuA) with 2 Cu atoms, which is thought to be the immediate electron acceptor from cytochrome c. A possible electron transfer pathway from this center to heme a has been identified in the structure (see below). — “Cytochrome oxidase”, life.illinois.edu
  • Cytochrome c, or cyt c is a small, water soluble heme protein associated with the inner membrane of the mitochondrion. Cytochrome c has been particularly thoroughly studied because its. — “Cytochrome c - New World Encyclopedia”,
  • cytochrome (sī'tukrōm") [key], protein containing heme (see coenzyme) that participates in the phase of biochemical respiration called oxidative Cytochromes act as carriers of hydride ions (sometimes considered to be the equivalent of electron pairs) in the series of complex enzymes known as. — “cytochrome — ”,
  • Cytochrome definition, any of several carrier molecules in the mitochondria of plant and animal cells, consisting of a protein and an iron-containing porphyrin rin See more. — “Cytochrome | Define Cytochrome at ”,
  • Cytochrome information including symptoms, causes, diseases, symptoms, treatments, and other medical and health issues. — “Cytochrome - ”,
  • The name 'cytochrome' was introduced by Keilin in 1925 to describe a group of intracellular hemeproteins that The classical definition of cytochrome is retained: a cytochrome is a hemeprotein whose characteristic mode of action involves transfer of reducing equivalents associated with a reversible. — “CYTOCHROMES”,
  • The world's first wiki where authorship really matters. Due credit and reputation for authors. Imagine a global collaborative knowledge base for original thoughts. Sulforaphane causes autophagy to inhibit release of cytochrome C and apoptosis in human prostate cancer cells [2]. — “WikiGenes - CYC1 - cytochrome c-1”,
  • Cytochrome P450 enzymes help in detoxifying the organisms by introducing a functional group to the lipophilic compounds, making them more soluble, and therefore easily excreted. — “Cytochrome P450”, cytochromep450.net
  • Cytochrome c is the most stable and abundant member of the class, and it has been the most thoroughly studied. For example, most organisms have a gene coding for the energy-producing protein cytochrome C, and furthermore, this gene has a very similar nucleotide sequence in all. — “cytochrome c (chemical compound) -- Britannica Online”,
  • Cytochrome P450. You don't need to be Editor-In-Chief to add or edit content to WikiDoc. You can begin to add to or edit text on this WikiDoc page by clicking on the edit button at the top of this page. Next enter or edit the information that you would like to appear here. — “Cytochrome P450 - wikidoc”,
  • Cytochromes are, in general, membrane-bound hemoproteins that contain heme groups and carry out electron transport. Cytochromes were initially described in 1884 by MacMunn as respiratory pigments. — “Cytochrome - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia”,

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  • Table 3 Management of some important clinically significant drug drug interactions by cytochrome P450 enzymes
  • An example of a lipid Proteins play many roles in living organisms Nucleic Acids form DNA and RNA the molecules of heredity
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  • vanessen jpg 12 Jan 2004 13 06 108k layers jpg 12 Jan 2004 13 06 116k cytochrome oxydase gif 12 Jan 2004 13 06 193k connections jpg 12 Jan 2004 13 06 203k
  • cytochrome b
  • Fig 2 Cytochrome content of cell extract prepared from facultative alakliphile Bacillus cohnii YN 2000 solid box cells grown at pH 8 10 and obligate alkaliphilic Bacillus sp YN 1 open
  • DNA RNA
  • P450 reductase
  • Cytochrome b5 1B5B Rattus norvegicus ribbon structure Color key helix blue strand gold
  • In apoptosis proteolytic enzymes notably caspases Cysteine ASpartase ProteASES begin the process of orderly protein degradation that culminates in the production of small
  • 67 Pharmacogenetic Effect of A PM poor metabolizer absent or greatly reduced ability to clear or activate drugs B IM intermediate metabolizer
  • のがめんどくさくなったので要望があったものだけ登録することにしました Tシャツ用 と考えるとどうしても塗りたいように塗れない
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  • Endoperoxides NOR Cytochrome ba3
  • Thylakoid Membrane
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  • Curlingshoes jpg 64KB May 05 2005 09 05 07 AM test CytochromeCOxidase 2OCC png 217KB Jan 01 2005 03 43 06 PM test
  • Cytochrome P450 reductase A Tanczos and Lorna Jones
  • cytochrome p450 in drug metabolism examples jpg
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  • liver 3 gif 11 Apr 2007 14 20 42K figure4 3 gif 11 Apr 2007 14 20 12K cytoChrome 5 gif 11 Apr 2007 14 21 56K Temp 8 gif 11 Apr 2007 14 20 21K
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  • In yellow the loop missing in class Ib cytochromes c Cytochrome c PDB entry 2cyy class IIa
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  • Table 2 Important cytochrome isoforms involved in drug metabolism and their substrated inhibitors and inducers Table 3 Management of some important clinically significant drug drug interactions by cytochrome P450 enzymes
  • Joshua Wilkie cytochrome P450 Modification of known cytochrome P450 for use in synthetic applications and discovery of new cytochromes P450
  • Free Energy Changes and Oxidation Oxidative Phosphorylation Cytochrome P450 Movie Cholesterol Quartet
  • Table 1 Choose the right Vivid® substrate for your needs
  • udvikling kan bidrage til løsning af mange af de problemer verden står over for mht global fødevaresikkerhed fødevarekvalitet klimaforandringer og beskyttelse af det omgivende miljø Plantebiokemisk Laboratorium vil bidrage til at fremskaffe denne viden ved at udføre forskning på højt internationalt niveau med udgangspunkt i vores store viden inden for plantebiokemi
  • Gold Speed cytochrome P450 reductase
  • post I will hopefully provide some of that context Specifically we will explore the the different types of electron carrier molecules that are present in the electron transport chain Most electron carrier molecules are proteins that have had electron accepting functional groups added to them The cytochrome series of molecules are a good example of this Cytochrome
  • cytochrome p450 jpg
  • Cytochrome b5 1B5M Rattus norvegicus mesh surface structure with ball and stick ligand Color key helix green strand gold bound ligand heme red
  • Cytochrome c part of the electron transport chain of proteins responsible for making usable energy for the cell also seems to have a fair percentage of invariant amino acids in its
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  • Cytochrome C
  • Signature cytochrome P450
  • Object cytochrome Directory MOLECULE Page 2 Nb= 104 It is ME on llf531368 crawl yahoo net SHOW IT= oui UPTIME= 0 90 NB HTTPD= 12 I

Videos
related videos for cytochrome

  • Kent Hovind, Jared, Cytochrome c etc., 06/05, Part One. Cytochrome c, Common Ancestor/Designer, Inferring Design, The Fall of Man, Nation of Islam. Conducted June 8th, 2005.
  • Hbhch blindness; feedingtube; mitochondrial cytochrome c reductase deficiency;
  • Death by Aerobic Respiration Aerobic Respiration is the process of creating energy (ATP) in the Mitochondrion. This begins with the Krebs Cycle. Pyruvate is partially broken down by enzymes. The two products, NADH and FADH2, give up an electron that is then passed to the first Cytochrome along the electron transport chain. The electron is passed to every cytochrome and then Oxygen acts as the terminal electron receptor. During this process, Cytochromes get excited when receiving the electron and pump protons into the intermembrane space. This results in the Chemiosmotic Gradient. ATP Synthase opens up a tube allowing for the protons to rush out to the inner matrix, resulting in ADP turning into ATP. ATP is the energy used in physiological processes. If Oxygen is restricted from the body, it causes a back-up along the electron transport chain. However, Glycolysis is still occurring and creating Pyruvate. The lack of Oxygen and back-up of electrons prevents Pyruvate from being broken down and turns into a lethal substance when in high doses.
  • 66: Cytochrome For all players.
  • Kent Hovind, Jared, Cytochrome c etc., 06/05, Part Two. Cytochrome c, Common Ancestor/Designer, Inferring Design, The Fall of Man, Nation of Islam. Conducted June 8th, 2005.
  • The Evolution of Cytochrome C Cytochrome C is a small iron containing protein responsible for shuttling electrons within the electron transport chain. From widespread research we know that its primary amino acid sequence is largely independant from its tertiary structure and overall effiacy. It's evolution is therefore largely independent from external selection pressures (as long as the protein works, it's good enough) and as such it serves as an excellent tool in demonstrating the inheritance of mutations across clades. By comparing mutations across species, we should be able to construct non-random phylogenetic trees that conform with those constructed by independent methods. It should be emphasized that a common creationist argument against the evolution of proteins is that they were created to meed the specific needs of the organism, with one amino acid pattern conforming to the needs of one organism, and another to the needs of another organism, and therefore differences in AA sequence is a prediction made by creationists as well. I therefore chose Cytochrome C since its nature negates any a priori reason to assume anything but randomized varients across forms of life, and I included the yeast/human Cyt C transfer as a specific refutation of the aformentioned claim.
  • Apoptosis & Caspase 3 - PMAP Caspase-3 is a death protease, catalyzing the specific cleavage of many key cellular proteins. Pathways to caspase-3 activation have been identified that are either dependent on or independent of mitochondrial cytochrome c release and caspase-9 function. Caspase-3 is essential for normal brain development and is important or essential in other apoptotic scenarios in a remarkable tissue-, cell type- or death stimulus-specific manner. Caspase-3 is also required for some typical hallmarks of apoptosis, and is indispensable for apoptotic chromatin condensation and DNA fragmentation in all cell types examined. Apoptotic proteins that target mitochondria affect them in different ways; they may cause mitochondrial swelling through the formation of membrane pores, or they may increase the permeability of the mitochondrial membrane and cause apoptotic effectors to leak out. Cytochrome c is also released from mitochondria due to formation of a channel, MAC, in the outer mitochondrial membrane, and serves a regulatory function as it precedes morphological change associated with apoptosis. Once cytochrome c is released it binds with Apaf-1 and ATP, which then bind to pro-caspase-9 to create a protein complex known as an apoptosome. The apoptosome cleaves the pro-caspase to its active form of caspase-9, which in turn activates the effector caspase-3. Design & production: Kosi Gramatikoff, PhD; client: John C. Reed, MD PhD
  • Xiaodang Wang (U Texas Southwestern) Part 1: Introduction to Apoptosis Lecture Overview Apoptosis is a form of programmed cell death that plays important roles during animal development, immune response, elimination of damaged cells, and maintenance of tissue homeostasis. Apoptosis is executed by intracellular proteases named caspases that are activated during the onset of apoptosis by extrinsic and intrinsic pathways. See more at The intrinsic pathway is triggered by the release of proteins such as cytochrome c from mitochondria to cytosol and the extrinsic pathway is activated by the binding of death-inducing cytokines such as Tumor Necrosis Factor to its receptor at the cell surface. Both pathways are regulated at multiple steps to ensure proper apoptosis.
  • Cytochrome C Created with VMD, www.ks.uiuc.edu
  • Two Minutes with UNC's Craig Lee Craig Lee, an assistant professor at the UNC Eshelman School of Pharmacy at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, discusses his research into blood vessel function and its effects on different disease states as well as the mouse model he has created that expresses large amounts of the human enzyme cytochrome P450.
  • photoSWEEThesis In our video we demonstrate the light dependent process of photosynthesis with the help of delicious candy! We chose this topic because we found the steps of photosynthesis rather complicated and figured that centering our project around them would help us better understand the process. Additionally, we were drawn to this topic because photosynthesis is the only process on earth that converts light energy into chemical energy! To start, a photon of light of the appropriate wavelength hits the chloroplast molecule. Then, chlorophyll molecule absorbs the energy from the photon. Next, one electron from the chlorophyll molecule goes out of orbit. At this point, the chlorophyll molecule has been oxidized (meaning it has lost an electron) and the accessory protein grabs an electron from a nearby water molecule to replace the lost electron. Now that the water molecule has lost an electron, it becomes unstable and falls apart. Photoloysis, the process where photosynthesis gives off water ensues. Oxygen goes out and the electron the water molecule lost is passed to the cytochrome. The excited cytochrome pumps protons from the stroma across the thylakoid membrane. The protons build up in the thylakoid space and form a chemiosmotic gradient. Once the thylakoid space reaches a pH of 5, the protein complex ATP synthase opens up a little tube that the protons rush through while they carry enormous amounts of energy. Energy carried by escaping protons phosphorolates ADP to produce ATP ...
  • Oxidative Phosphorylation This course is part of a series taught by Kevin Ahern at Oregon State University on General Biochemistry. For more information about online courses go to ecampus.oregonstate.edu 1. For every oxidation, there is an equal and Loss of elecrons by one molecule means gain of them by another one. Oxidation is a process that involves the loss of electrons. Reduction is a process that involves the gain of electrons. 2. Electrons are carried to the electron transport system in the mitochondria by NADH and FADH2. 3. Mitochondria are the site of electron transport and oxidative phosphorylation. 4. Electrons from NADH enter the electron transport system through complex I. 5. Electrons from FADH2 enter the electron transport system through complex II. 6. Coenzyme Q (CoQ) accepts a pair of electrons from either complex I or complex II and passes electrons singly to cytochrome c through complex III. Thus, coenzyme Q acts as a "traffic cop" for electrons. 8. Oxygen is thus the terminal electron acceptor and is a limiting compound during periods of heavy exercise. 9. If oxygen is not available, electrons will NOT pass through the electron transport system and NADH and FADH2 will not be reoxidized. For these reasons, the citric acid cycle will not run either. This is part of metabolic control. 10. Several compounds inhibit electron transport - rotenone (an insecticide) and amytal block all action of Complex I. Antimycin A blocks all action of Complex III. Cyanide, azide, and carbon ...
  • Apoptosis Apoptosis is a cell suicide mechanism that enables metazoans to control cell number in tissues and to eliminate individual cells that threaten the animal's survival. Certain cells have unique sensors, termed Death Receptors, on their surface, which detect the presence of extracellular death signals and, in response, rapidly ignite the cell's intrinsic apoptosis machinery. Cytotoxic T cell with Fas ligand binds to the Fas receptor on target cell and induces apoptosis through a cytoplasmic Death Domain that interacts with signaling adaptors like FADD (Fas-Associated Death Domain). FADD recruits the inactive Procaspase8, which is proteolytically activated to Caspase8, which further cleaves and activate downstream effector Caspase3. Activated BAX within the mitochondrial membrane leads to creation or alteration of membrane pores, resulting in Mitochondrial-Outer-Membrane Permeabilization that causes release of Cytochrome-C into the cytosol. Cytochrome-C associates with APAF1 protein and Procaspase9 to form the apoptosome, which activates Caspase9, leading to activation of downstream effector caspases, including Caspase3. Caspase3 cleaves ICAD-CAD heterodimer to free CAD to cause DNA fragmentation, thus causing apoptosis. This animation illustrates the detailed process of apoptosis by extrinsic and intrinsic pathways.
  • Bioweek '08- House of Cytochrome (Cheering-1st place) The PNU-Biological Society celebrated its Biology Week from Dec.16-19,2008. First place:Cytochrome Second Place: Exon Third Place: Isomerase
  • Evolution: The Enemy of Truth and Science - Dr. Jay Wile Part 4 of 9 Dr. Wile discusses how evolutionists are forced to ignore over 99% of the data in cytochrome-C sequences in order to maintain their theory; the historical cover-up of anomalous fossils found in Cambrian strata; the Cambrian Explosion; and rapid formation of canyons.
  • Inner Workings of Cytochrome P450 2C9 This animation shows an 'inside view' of the workings of the enzyme cytochrome P-450 2C9. The protein, represented by the ribbon and yellow spheres, is from an x-ray crystal structure of a drug metabolizing enzyme called cytochrome P-450 2C9. The larger of the two ligands (clusters of spheres) is the heme group, which acts as cofactor to assist in the catalytic reaction. The smaller of the two ligands is the drug warfarin (an anticoagulant) which is the substrate for the catalytic reaction. First both ligands are bound. Then the warfarin molecule moves from solution (outside the protein) and finds a channel by which to access its specific binding site. The warfarin molecule finds its way through the channel to find its preferred binding position near the active site. This model will now be used to illustrate how different drugs interact with this enzyme, and thus interfere with optimum warfarin therapy, a common clinical problem. Created by: Steven Barbera - Business/CommunicationsSteven Barbera Class of 2007 Business/Communications STA member since 2003 Dr. King - Biomedical and Pharmaceutical SciencesDr. Roberta King Assistant Professor of Biomedical and Pharmaceutical Sciences College of Pharmacy
  • This is Why Every Scientist Accepts Evolution READ DESCRIPTION: Please watch the video in its entirety- I know it starts off slow and technical. I discuss the actual, oft unmentioned reason every scientist accepts evolution. Ignorance is no longer an excuse. Special thanks to Greenman3610 for providing the audio track in the background. If you're remotely interested in global warming, subscribing to him is not an option, its a requirement. -The C14 tree/etc example is just to show the strengths of independent methods. Embryology video: Transitional Fossils: Sources: Gilbert, SF (1997) Developmental Biology. Fifth edition. Sinauer Associates. Carroll, RL (1988) Vertebrate Paleontology and Evolution. New York, WH Freeman and Co. Futuyma, D. (1998) Evolutionary Biology. Third edition. Sunderland, Mass., Sinauer Associates. Gould, SJ (1990) "An earful of jaw." Natural History 3: 12-23. Kardong, KV (2002) Vertebrates: Comparative Anatomy, Function, Evolution. Third ed. New York: McGraw Hill. Rubin, GM et al. (2000) "Comparative Genomics of the Eukaryotes." Science 287: 2204-2218. [PubMed] Schmid, KJ, and Tautz, D. (1997) "A screen for fast evolving genes from Drosophila." Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA. 94: 9746-9750. Sereno, PC (1999) "The Evolution of Dinosaurs." Science 284: 2137-2147. [PubMed] Smit, AFA (1996) "The origin of interspersed repeats in the human genome." Current Opinion in Genetics and Development 6: 743-748. [PubMed] Thornhill, RH, and Ussery, DW (2000) "A ...
  • Tutorial: Neanderthal Cytochrome b Protein at NCBI A bioinformatics tutorial showing how to look up information on a protein at NCBI (National Center for Biotechnology Information). The cytochrome b protein in Homo sapiens neanderthalis (Neanderthal man) is examined. 980x836 resolution.
  • 66 Beginner: Cytochrome For all players.
  • photosynthesis .mov The photosynthesis process is a unique process which allows plants to produce energy. It is the only process on earth that converts light energy into chemical energy. The process all begins when a photon of light, of the appropriate wavelength, hits the chlorophyll molecule. The chlorophyll molecule absorbs the energy from the photon, but loses one electron in the process. The oxidized chlorophyll must now replace the lost electron. The accessory protein, located in the thylakoid membrane grabs an electron from a nearby water molecule. As a result, the water molecule becomes unstable and falls apart. During this stage, photolysis takes place and oxygen is given off. The oxygen proceeds to leave the thylakoid space and the electron is passed to the cytochrome. The cytochrome then pumps protons from the stroma across the thylakoid memberane. There is now a constant supply of protons from photolysis and the excited cytochromes. In addition, there is also a constant supply of water molecules due to the aqueous environment in the thylakoid space. Due to the buildup of protons in the thylakoid space, a chemiosmotic gradient is created. When the thylakoid space reaches a pH of 5, the protein complex ATP synthase opens up a little tube. Protons from the thylakoid space rush through the tube and carry with them enormous energy, similar to how dams provide energy using water. The energy carried by the protons phosphorylates ADP into ATP. By Emily Schadt, Luke Mulkern, Jonah ...
  • Re: Re: 10 Questions every Atheist must answer This is a response to GunnelPercher's comment on "If common descent is true, you would expect the protein sequences in amphibians to be more similar to those in fish than mammals might be. There should be a gradual shift pattern but there is not. Cytochrome c from a fish for instance is no more or less similar to amphibians than to mammals. You should be able to place these groups in order of development by the changes in protein sequences but you can't."
  • PhotophosphoryWHAT? For this video project, we decided to explore the process of photophosphorylation Photophosphorylation is the process by which ATP is created during the light-dependent phase of photosynthesis in plants. Photophosphorylation begins when a photon of light corresponding to a red-orange or green-blue frequency hits the chlorophyll in the chloroplast of a plant. That energy from the photon excites an electron in the chlorophyll, causing it to leave the chlorophyll. The chlorophyll, having become oxidized, requires a new electron. The accessory protein in the thylakoid membrane pulls an electron from one of the many water molecules in the stroma, and passes it back to the chlorophyll. The water molecule, having lost an electron, breaks down into two hydrogen ions and one oxygen molecule. The freed oxygen molecules bond together, forming O2, and leave the plant entirely. The electron that was originally released from the chlorophyll gets passed to the cytochrome. This excites the cytochrome, causing it to pump the newly freed hydrogen ions from the stroma, through the thylakoid membrane and into the thylakoid space. The large concentration of hydrogen ion forms a chemiosmotic gradient. The hydrogen ions, compelled by the laws of diffusion, must leave the thylakoid space so they move through the ATP synthase enzyme. The momentum produced from the mass exodus of hydrogen ion spins the ATP synthase. The ATP synthase is attached to an ADP molecule, and one phosphate group. The ...
  • I Dream of Aerobic Respiration Our final lab video was a presentation of aerobic respiration, Lab number 9. Aerobic respiration is a process that produces large amounts of ATP in the mitochondrion in the presence of oxygen. The process starts off with pyruvate entering the inner matrix, which is called krebs cyle. During the cycle, pyruvate circles around in the inner matrix and releases ATP and CO2. The pyruvate is changed by a series of reactions to highly reduced electrons called NADH and FADH2. The NADH and FADH2 donate their electrons to the nearby cytochrome. The cytochromes form a chain-like structure on the inner membrane and pass these newly gained electrons down the chain. Making the cytochrome excited and thus pumping protons from the inner matrix into the intermembrane space, through active transport. Chemiosmotic gradient is formed next, this begins when the intermembrane is pH 5 and the inner matrix is pH 7. The ATP synthase becomes activated and forms a channel which allows the built up the protons to pass through the channel, through passive transport, moving back into the inter matrix. When the protons exit the ATP synthase they move with a great deal of energy which phosphorylates ADP and P into ATP.
  • Possum & Chicken - Ukulele Original feat. Bunnyflower! A Song About A Possum & Chicken 2010 Captain Lovehandles There was once a young possum who left his abode But he was smarter than most - before he got to the road He stopped in to see his chicken friend, he'd heard that she knew About crossing the road, and asked her what he should do. Chicken told our friend that she would be delighted to tell him Of the rules of the road because she knew them so well But he should carefully write down every word that she said Because they're not just for chickens but for most quadrupeds. (She said) Be careful not to cross in the dark of the night And it's a good idea to wear clothes that are bright. Stop, look and listen before you take the first step. That's three simple words that will make you adept. Don't stop to play, just move on across. It may seem like fun, but don't do it because One little slip, and you can bet that for sure You'll be a big greasy spot with some eyeballs and fur. (and we wouldn't want that, would we?) Knowledge is good and now he knew what to do. He marched out to the street as his excitement, it grew. He looked left, he looked right and he was fixin' to hop Into the road when right behind him he heard someone say STOP! Now Possum, there's another rule that I meant to include. Its extremely important so I'll tell you now, dude. Any time you feel like crossing, you can never go wrong With four eyes instead of two, so take a good friend along. (Its also more fun!) So hand in hand they proceeded cross the roadway ...
  • Nathaniel Jeanson, Harvard PhD - "Cytochrome C sequence conservation bankrupts evolution!" An excerpt from (Dr.) Nathaniel Jeanson's 7PM lecture about cytochrome c. Event description: Jessica's audio files of entire lecture (first file) and Q&A (second lecture): w74.org Link to Dr. David Scadden's lab, Jeanson's thesis advisor: www.mgh.harvard.edu Link to Harvard Biological and Biomedical Sciences division, from where Jeanson received his PhD: www.hms.harvard.edu Summary of his talk: First-hand report: Thanks to an anonymous audience member for filming.
  • Tutorial: Using EMBL to BLAST Whale Cytochrome b A bioinformatics tutorial showing how to use the EMBL website to do a protein blast (using blastp) of cytochrome b protein in the humpback whale. The tutorial is intended to help users learn to use the EMBL website to blast any biological protein of interest from various species of organisms.
  • Xiaodang Wang (U Texas Southwestern) Part 2: The Intrinsic Pathway of Apoptosis Apoptosis is a form of programmed cell death that plays important roles during animal development, immune response, elimination of damaged cells, and maintenance of tissue homeostasis. Apoptosis is executed by intracellular proteases named caspases that are activated during the onset of apoptosis by extrinsic and intrinsic pathways. The intrinsic pathway is triggered by the release of proteins such as cytochrome c from mitochondria to cytosol and the extrinsic pathway is activated by the binding of death-inducing cytokines such as Tumor Necrosis Factor to its receptor at the cell surface. Both pathways are regulated at multiple steps to ensure proper apoptosis. See more at
  • Cellular Respiration greenhearts.ca --This is about the Electron Transport Chain (ETC)-- First take. Chords F#m G#m chorus- C#m AEB Lyrics: Pyruvate and A-Coa I guess are okay But only one will hold 'till the end of the day Four ATP don't go too far 32 ATP that's money in the jar *Chorus* Cellular resp. is real cool Photosynthesis is only for tools So beat glycolysis and KC (Kreb's Cycle) ETC and your electrons are free! NADH and FADH2 (too) Come to chill but they end up lo- sing two electrons all 'caus of electronegativity Always increasing, no positivity Where's the love y'all? Dehydronase, ubiquinone and cytochrome complex Then cytochrome C and the oxidase complex But only three can boot the protons Left passing through are two electrons *Chorus* Cellular resp. is real cool Photosynthesis is only for tools So beat glycolysis and KC (Kreb's Cycle) ETC and your electrons are free! So I know what you're thinking you want some ETC lovin' Well no need praying to the stars above(n) Ya got ETC right in your body Yo, it's all right here in the intermitochondrial membrane Now before you go I got one thing to say NADH makes 3*** ATP FADH2 can only make 2 I guess 32 will just have to do *Chorus* Cellular resp. is real cool Photosynthesis is only for tools So beat glycolysis and KC (Kreb's Cycle) ETC and your electrons are free!
  • Evolution Vs. Creationism Song - Francis Collins, Kent Hovind, & Ken Miller Evolution Vs. Creationism Song - Starring Francis Collins, Kent Hovind, & Ken Miller Some of the evidences for Evolution mentioned were: Pseudogenes Atavisms Fossils Homology ERV's Embryology Vestigial organs, behaviors, etc.. Phylogenetic Trees Cytochrome C Human Chromosome 2 - Fusion Geographical Distribution of Species Written & Performed by u2bMonkey
  • Molecular and Cellular Effects of Human Polymorphic Variants of NADPH-Cytochrome P450 Reductase Bettie Sue Masters - Molecular and Cellular Effects of Human Polymorphic Variants of NADPH-Cytochrome P450 Reductase
  • Important information for every breast cancer survivor taking tamoxifen Tamoxifen is one of our best cancer fighting drugs. It successfully prevents the return of ER (estrogen receptor) positive breast cancer in two-thirds of women who take it. Now the success rate can be improved even further by DNA Testing and careful management of other drugs that are being taken with tamoxifen. More information at
  • Cooking with Laurtoria Photosynthesis is a very complex process; therefore, our group has decided to explain photosynthesis by decorating a cake, which represents the chloroplast, and using candy on the cake, which represents the parts within the chloroplast. To show the entire process from start to finish we have put together a food show that outlines each step of photosynthesis. The twizzler that separates the two halves of the cake represent the Thylakoid Membrane. The two halves represent the Thylakoid space and the Stroma. The three circular gummies located on the twizzler represent the accessory protein, the cytochrome, and the site where ATP synthase takes place. On top of the accessory protein we have placed three green dots using icing that signifies the chlorophyll. Two marshmallows and a gummies make up the water molecule that will undergo photolysis, and the tiny raisins placed on the water molecule and the accessory proteins epitomize the electrons that are released during photosynthesis. We begin by explain photosynthesis by turning on a lamp that acts as the sun hitting the chlorophyll and absorbing the suns energy. We then take away one of the raisins from the accessory protein to display how an electron is released out of the orbit due to the photon absorbing the light. The oxidized chlorophyll molecule replaces the lost electron with an electron, or raisin, from the water molecule. This results in the water molecule to break apart which is called photolysis. We show how the ...
  • cytochrome c Cytochrome c being eluted off an FPLC
  • Tutorial: Interpretation (part I of II) of BLAST Results at NCBI A tutorial (part I of II) showing how to interpret BLAST results for a protein. Cytochrome b, a common protein studied in evolutionary molecular biology, is examined from the baleen whale. 896x504 resolution.
  • Evolution: Genetic Evidence - Ubiquitous Proteins Evolution: Genetic Evidence - Ubiquitous Proteins Excerpt from The Cassiopeia Project; "Facts of Evolution". The Full series can be found at: (Transcript of Video Below) Some proteins are found in every living eukaryote on earth... fruit flies and bats, octopi and hippos, protists and humans. One such protein is cytochrome-c. It is found in mitochondria -- the energy generating parts -- of all eukaryote cells, and without it the cells die. Experimenting with yeast, researchers have shown that human cytochrome-c protein works for the yeast as well as its own. Indeed they have substituted genes from fish, birds, horses, insects, and rats into the yeast as well and all of these genes produce cytochrome-c proteins that work for the yeast too. But the gene that codes for this protein has been buffeted with sequence mutations over the billions of years that it has existed. Essentially ALL of these mutations are silent null-sequence-sections inserted in the gene that do not change the protein that is built from amino acids based on these genes. But these mutations do tell the genealogy of the owners. For example, humans and chimps have EXACTLY the same amino acid sequence for this protein. It hasn't mutated in the 6 or 7 million years since our lines separated. And our common gene is at most 10 amino acids different from all other mammals, confirming our close relationship with other mammals. The differences increase as we step farther back in time and ...
  • P450 Coupling Enzyme Active Site The active site of a P450 enzyme. See: "Binding of Two Flaviolin Substrate Molecules, Oxidative Coupling, and Crystal Structure of Streptomyces coelicolor A3(2) Cytochrome P450 158A2" THE JOURNAL OF BIOLOGICAL CHEMISTRYVol. 280, No. 12, Issue of March 25, pp. 1159911607, 2005 Bin Zhao et al.
  • SURE Animations for Higher Biology This is a showreel for SURE Animations, a high quality 3-D animation suite for the SQA Higher Biology curriculum. The software contains 20 fully annotated animations with additional detailed descriptions of the physical processes. The animations cover: Cell types, Cell absorption, Diffusion and osmosis, Plasma membrane fluid mosaic model, Active transport, Glycolosis, Mitochondrial structure, Krebs' cycle, Cytochrome system, Photosynthesis: Light-dependent stage, Photosynthesis: Calvin cycle, Antibody, DNA, DNA and RNA, Protein synthesis, Virus replication, Phagocytosis, Meiosis, Mutation, Jacob-Monod hypothesis. Produced by Counting Thoughts Ltd.
  • Tutorial: BLASTing Woolly Mammoth Cytochrome b at NCBI A bioinformatics tutorial showing how to use the NCBI website (National Center for Biotechnology Information) to BLAST a protein molecule to find related organisms on the phylogenetic tree of life. The example used is cytochrome b protein from the extinct woolly mammoth. 936x684 resolution.
  • Kent Hovind, Jared, Cytochrome c etc., 06/05, Part Three. Cytochrome c, Common Ancestor/Designer, Inferring Design, The Fall of Man, Nation of Islam. Conducted June 8th, 2005.
  • ATLAS OF CREATION: Blind Materialism 71 The false faith that we are talking about is the materialistic philosophy, which argues that matter has existed for all eternity and there is nothing other than matter. The theory of evolution is the so-called "scientific foundation" for this materialistic philosophy and that theory is blindly defended in order to uphold this philosophy. When science invalidates the claims of evolution-and that is the very point that has been reached at the end of the 20th century-it then is sought to be distorted and brought into a position where it supports evolution for the sake of keeping materialism alive. A few lines written by one of the prominent evolutionist biologists of Turkey is a good example that enables us to see the disordered judgement and discretion that this blind devotion leads to. This scientist discusses the probability of the coincidental formation of Cytochrome-C, which is one of the most essential enzymes for life, as follows: The probability of the formation of a Cytochrome-C sequence is as likely as zero. That is, if life requires a certain sequence, it can be said that this has a probability likely to be realised once in the whole universe. Otherwise, some metaphysical powers beyond our definition should have acted in its formation. To accept the latter is not appropriate to the goals of science. We therefore have to look into the first hypothesis.2 This scientist finds it "more scientific" to accept a possibility "as likely as zero" rather than creation ...
  • Noemi_Miss09: Noemi_Miss09: RT @IHC_Toxicology: Species difference in the regulation of cytochrome P450 2S1: lack of induction in rats by the aryl h... http://t.co/V0ON8fRL #toxicology
  • IHC_Toxicology: IHC_Toxicology: Species difference in the regulation of cytochrome P450 2S1: lack of induction in rats by the aryl h... http://t.co/V0ON8fRL #toxicology
  • cytochrome: cytochrome: @KarDoh I hope so. Was supposed to be out for the first of 4 dinners this week and am in bed instead. Got 90 people coming tomorrow....
  • cytochrome: cytochrome: Lemsip and bed. Big day tomorrow #UHIlipidssymposium
  • PUB_lications: PUB_lications: Mossbauer studies of Cu(II) ions interaction with the non-heme iron and cytochrome b(559)... http://t.co/YjwbcPhU
  • servingscience: servingscience: Thanks for the retweets @ResearchAmerica, @Ivy_Gong, and @cytochrome!
  • cytochrome: cytochrome: RT @servingscience: On this day in 1951, Henrietta Lacks died at the age of 31 http://t.co/TYVKOn9z #HeLa
  • JayeRHill: JayeRHill: Warning over university teaching | @scoopit via @cytochrome http://t.co/EEibLAzF
  • cytochrome: cytochrome: RT @BBCNews: Warning over university teaching http://t.co/cWuPIhcP
  • Life_Sciences_: Life_Sciences_: High glucose impairs EDHF-mediated dilation of coronary arterioles via reduced cytochrome P450 activity http://t.co/5nxys7UB
  • wehaveno: wehaveno: Do they radiate out from cytochrome oxidase blob zones? #funquestions
  • cytochrome: cytochrome: RT @maggiesfife: RBS & Natwest giving away £6K to local charities please vote for Maggie's Fife it just takes a click http://t.co/q1F6aWvL RETWEET
  • kiwinerd: kiwinerd: @vitty10 some people have low cytochrome P450 2D6, which helps convert codeine to morphine in your bloodstream. Makes codeine less effective
  • PPUAMX: PPUAMX: RT @BiolSciNews: Protein–protein interactions of the cytochrome c oxidase DNA barcoding region http://ow.ly/6zckA
  • Astrid__NG: Astrid__NG: “@BiolSciNews: Protein–protein interactions of the cytochrome c oxidase DNA barcoding region http://t.co/g6jhqeBU” @Jacinta_NG such a nerd x
  • WBLifeSci: WBLifeSci: BiolSciNews: Protein–protein interactions of the cytochrome c oxidase DNA barcoding region http://ow.ly/6zckA http://t.co/kZtcJurg
  • Jacinta_NG: Jacinta_NG: RT @BiolSciNews: Protein–protein interactions of the cytochrome c oxidase DNA barcoding region http://ow.ly/6zckA
  • BiolSciNews: BiolSciNews: Protein–protein interactions of the cytochrome c oxidase DNA barcoding region http://ow.ly/6zckA
  • MAKNH: MAKNH: @pharma_fofo enzym cytochrome P450 ; the disease heart failure due to platelets aggregation 
  • SympoIMedicine: SympoIMedicine: Prof. Laniado Schwartzman: How cytochrome P450-derived eicosanoids play a role in the regulation of hypertension. http://t.co/lHpKMnLo
  • cytochrome: cytochrome: RT @Glinner: This piece by @Charliecondou is lovely bit.ly/ou9Iko
  • openpgx: openpgx: Effect of Cytochrome P450 3A5 Genotype on At... [Pharmacotherapy. 2011] - PubMed - NCBI http://t.co/mXtEFBuD
  • Hendrikus_: Hendrikus_: RT @MDLinx: Novel genetic biomarkers for susceptibility to oral submucous fibrosis: Cytochrome P450 3A: Medical Hypotheses http://t.co/XQVBiPdf #ENT
  • MDLinx: MDLinx: Novel genetic biomarkers for susceptibility to oral submucous fibrosis: Cytochrome P450 3A: Medical Hypotheses http://t.co/XQVBiPdf #ENT
  • JCPjrnl_online: JCPjrnl_online: Most Popular: A Cytochrome P450 Inhibitor in a Stable Schizophrenic Patient: A Drug Interaction: No abstract available http://t.co/g7THAJWx
  • JCGjournal: JCGjournal: New Article: Hepatic Lipid Peroxidation and Cytochrome P-450 2E1 in Pediatric Nonalcoholic Fatty Liver Disease a... http://t.co/SP3UppGe
  • imabadkid_: imabadkid_: Omg I can't remember glycolysis, the krebs cycle or the cytochrome system..a few months ago I could recite the whole thing :(
  • Cal688: Cal688: @RTurkmani I finally finished !!!! Stupid Cytochrome c Oxidase. I think I just repeated the same thing over and over #CcO #BMB101
  • DaltonTrans: DaltonTrans: Review on NO and O2 reactivities of synthetic functional models of nitric oxide reductase and cytochrome c oxidase http://t.co/pYUzTgkY
  • cytochrome: cytochrome: ASDA in Inverness. How exciting! RT @HNGnews: Roadworks to start for first Asda store in Inverness bit.ly/pxDBWB
  • rachyy90: rachyy90: cytochrome P450s.. You are a foreign language :/
  • Aureussciences: Aureussciences: Scientific poster by Aureus : "Knowledge-Based Drug Profiling for ADME Properties. A Cytochrome 2D6 Application" http://t.co/z3b2zPUz
  • cytochrome: cytochrome: Would like some sleep. Preferably a full day. Unlikely until after next week :-( so tired...
  • BiologyMag: BiologyMag: The mechanism for proton pumping in cytochrome c oxidase from an electrostatic and quantum chemical perspective http://t.co/TE6JhuIL
  • Twirler95: Twirler95: @lew_anderson urs goes over 2 pages and mine is about 1 and a half. Btw u wrote something for the kreb cycle which should be cytochrome :p
  • Biofind: Biofind: #Biotech Rumor: Does Sigma make anything ?: I have had a hell of a time getting bovine cytochrome C from them. M... http://t.co/7mE043ep
  • cytochrome: cytochrome: RT @qikipedia: In real life the actor who played Tinky Winky is married to one of the Sheila's Wheels singers.
  • gilbertjacka: gilbertjacka: @JoshDNeufeld @BarcodeofLife - yes Amplicons of Cytochrome C Oxidase I - ACCOI, is not as good as AoL - oh AMERICA ONLINE! oops
  • JoshDNeufeld: JoshDNeufeld: @gilbertjacka Perhaps "Amplicons of mostly cytochrome c oxidase I" would be more specific still. This version is a little less jazzy though.
  • JCPjrnl_online: JCPjrnl_online: New Article: A Cytochrome P450 Inhibitor in a Stable Schizophrenic Patient: A Drug Interaction: No abstract available http://t.co/g7THAJWx

Blogs & Forum
blogs and forums about cytochrome

  • “rolldabeats forum > Viewing Profile. Forum rules. View New Content. Cytochrome's Profile Offline. Cytochrome has not set their status. About Me. Topics. Posts”
    Cytochrome - Viewing Profile,

  • “Homework forum-encourage students to become online homework tutors Social forum to share their personal lives and opinions. Class Blog/Journal-Have a”
    Cytochrome C,

  • “help w/ cytochrome p450. Post Reply. Author. 1 Posts. starbrite0520. Forum Guru. Topics: 207 Can someone please explain to me what cytochrome p450 is? what info I need other than”
    — help w/ cytochrome p450, prep4

  • “What is the effect upon health when cytochrome P450 2D6 enzyme activity is inactivated. September 16 2009 at 10:34 AM. From: Jeremy in the event that ones cytochrome P450 2D6 (CYP2D6) enzyme activity”
    — SSRI DISCUSSION FORUM: What is the effect upon health when, network54.com

  • “Evolution Fairytale Forum > Origins > Creation vs Evolution Just a suggestion but I think an effective co-challenge is to make a chart based on evidence in the opposite direction of cytochrome c”
    — Evolution Fairytale Forum > Cytochrome C - The Illusion Exposed,

  • “posted 2008-11-07 in blog 0 recommendations, 1 comments, 63 views add comment posted 2008-10-17 in blog 0 recommendations, 0 comments, 74 views add comment”
    cytochrome - conversation engine,

  • “Some compounds are not carcinogenic until they have been metabolized in the body by cytochrome P450 enzymes. the expression and activity of certain cytochrome P450 enzymes, resveratrol could help prevent cancer”
    cytochrome " Resveratrol Supplements Blog,

Keywords
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