monophyletic

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  • The polarity of state of a character that is evolutionarily novel (ie a state shared by descendant members of monophyletic taxa, but not the ancestral species. plesiomorphic to a particular monophyletic taxon For example, the. — “Concepts of Macroevolution”, snapper.bio.umass.edu
  • A clade is termed monophyletic, meaning it contains one ancestor which can be an organism, population, or species and all its descendants. The term clade refers to the grouping of the ancestor and its living and/or deceased descendants together. — “Clade (Monophyletic, Species, Ancestor) @ ”,
  • Definition of monophyletic from Webster's New World College Dictionary. Meaning of monophyletic. Pronunciation of monophyletic. Definition of the word monophyletic. Origin of the word monophyletic. — “monophyletic - Definition of monophyletic at ”,
  • Monophyletic taxon : A group composed of a collection of organisms, including the most Unlike a monophyletic group, a paraphyletic taxon does not include all the descendants of. — “Graphical explanation of phylogenetic terms”, ucmp.berkeley.edu
  • A monophyletic taxonomic group traces it origins to a single ancestral species and includes that species and all species descended from it. A monophyletic group, is a group recognised by the possession of one. — “: Monophyletic”,
  • Definition of word from the Merriam-Webster Online Dictionary with audio pronunciations, thesaurus, Word of the Day, and word games. Definition of MONOPHYLETIC : of or relating to a single stock; specifically : developed from a single common ancestral form. — “Monophyletic - Definition and More from the Free Merriam”, merriam-
  • Loosely, a monophyletic taxon is one that includes a group of organisms descended from a single ancestor , whereas a polyphyletic taxon is composed These loose definitions fail to recognize the fact that all organisms are related, therefore any conceivable group is logically "monophyletic". — “Monophyletic, Polyphyletic, & Paraphyletc Taxa”, mun.ca
  • monophyletic adj. Of or concerning a single taxon of animals. Relating to, descended from, or derived from one stock or source. — “monophyletic: Definition from ”,
  • Definition of monophyletic in the Medical Dictionary. monophyletic explanation. Information about monophyletic in Free online English dictionary. What is monophyletic? Meaning of monophyletic medical term. What does monophyletic mean?. — “monophyletic - definition of monophyletic in the Medical”, medical-
  • This group is monophyletic because it consists of a single animal together with all of its descendants. Monophyletic groups are also called clades, and are generally considered as the only `. — “What do terms like monophyletic, paraphyletic and”,
  • The Monophyletic taxon,also called a clade, is the building block of the cladistic system of taxonomy. "monophyletic group (= monophylum): In a hierarchical system of descent, an ancestor (stem-species) and all of his descendants (descendant species) together form a closed community of. — “Monophyletic Taxa”,
  • A monophyletic group is a group which contains all the descendants of a common ancestor: the group has a common ancestor unique to itself. Monophyletic groups contain all the branches below a given ancestor; nothing is said about the phenetic evolution of species within each branch. — “Evolution - A-Z - Monophyletic group”,
  • Monophyletic. A phylogenitic group (i.e., taxon) all of whose members are descended from a common ancestor which is a member of the three together form a monophyletic taxon (i.e., the reptiles are. — “Classification of Organisms”, mansfield.ohio-state.edu
  • Monophyletic groups are characterized by shared derived characteristics (synapomorphies) Some scientists considered paraphyletic groups to be monophyletic (as they shared a common ancestor), where others insisted that monophyletic should continue to refer only to holophyletic. — “Monophyly - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia”,
  • monophyletic (not comparable) (biology) Of, pertaining to, or affecting a single phylum Retrieved from "http:///wiki/monophyletic". — “monophyletic - Wiktionary”,
  • If there is a group, that is made of a common ancestor (or parent), and all its descendants (children), they call that group monophyletic (Greek: "of one race"). A group which contains organisms that have not descended from a common ancestor is called polyphyletic. — “Monophyletic - Simple English Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia”,
  • Thus the genus Homo is monophyletic. If, on the other hand, it were discovered that Homo habilis had developed from a different ancestor than Homo sapiens, and this ancestor was not included in the genus, then the genus would be polyphyletic. — “Monophyletic - Definition”,
  • ( 2008) Reading a phylogenetic tree: The meaning of monophyletic groups. Because "reptiles" (in this sense) does not refer to a monophyletic group, it is difficult to make general statements about the. — “Phylogenetic Trees and Monophyletic Groups | Learn Science at”,
  • Definition of monophyletic in the Online Dictionary. Meaning of monophyletic. Pronunciation of monophyletic. Translations of monophyletic. monophyletic synonyms, monophyletic antonyms. Information about monophyletic in the free online English. — “monophyletic - definition of monophyletic by the Free Online”,
  • Top questions and answers about Monophyletic. Find 20 questions and answers about Monophyletic at Read more. — “Monophyletic - ”,
  • A monophyletic group is a clade. A paraphyletic group is an ancestor species and most of its descendants, usually with a specific group of descendants Linnaean taxonomy insists that groups reflect phylogenies, but in contrast to cladistics allows both monophyletic and paraphyletic groups as taxa. — “Cladistics - New World Encyclopedia”,

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related videos for monophyletic

  • Turtles Turtles are reptiles of the order Testudines (the crown group of the superorder Chelonia), characterised by a special bony or cartilaginous shell developed from their ribs that acts as a shield. "Turtle" may either refer to the Testudines as a whole, or to particular Testudines which make up a form taxon that is not monophyletic—see also sea turtle, terrapin, tortoise, and the discussion below. The order Testudines includes both extant (living) and extinct species. The earliest known turtles date from 215 million years ago, making turtles one of the oldest reptile groups and a more ancient group than lizards and snakes. About 300 species are alive today, and some are highly endangered. Like other reptiles, turtles are ectotherms—varying their internal temperature according to the ambient environment, commonly called cold-blooded. Like other amniotes (reptiles, dinosaurs, birds, and mammals), they breathe air and do not lay eggs underwater, although many species live in or around water. The largest turtles are aquatic. source:
  • Human Evolution: Did We Come From Monkeys? Science & Reason on Facebook: AronRa reveals a controversial new taxonomy stating that humans and other apes not only evolved directly from monkeys, but that we are in fact still monkeys right now. --- Subscribe to Science & Reason: • • • • --- Turns out we DID come from monkeys! In an earlier video, AronRa listed many of the taxonomic traits identifying humans as primates. In another video, he also explained why we are more specifically classified as a species of apes. But he deliberately omitted an intermediate stage between those two apparent levels, because its one that evokes so much resistance it really requires separate discussion just for that one grade alone. No-one argues whether were vertebrates or placental mammals, even though that also means were animals. The fact that were apes can now be verified just as easily. For a while, most people thought the word, ape referred only to extant non-human pongids also known as great apes. There was no consideration given to lesser apes, nor to any of the many ancient apes we kept finding fossils for. Mainstream science sources are just now starting to realize that the word, ape means a lot more than just chimpanzees, gorillas, and orangutans, and that it includes a few extinct hominids that are more humanoid than any of these. So there was a problem with our old method of classification, and it had to be fixed. Over the last two hundred and ...
  • Ducks La Zoo Duck is the common name for a number of species in the Anatidae family of birds. The ducks are divided between several subfamilies in the Anatidae family; they do not represent a monophyletic group but a form taxon, since swans and geese are not considered ducks. Ducks are mostly aquatic birds, mostly smaller than the swans and geese, and may be found in both fresh water and sea water. Ducks are sometimes confused with several types of unrelated water birds with similar forms, such as loons or divers, grebes, gallinules, and coots.
  • Big reptiles in public park - Guayaquil (Ecuador) Reptiles / Lizard Iguania in Parque Seminario. (Jan.2006) Shocking and Unbelievable. Big reptiles in public park. Guayaquil - Ecuador - Iguania - Lizards - Map - Made with Sony DSC-V1 Photos on ‪ LIZARDS - are a very large and widespread group of squamate reptiles, with nearly 3800 species,[1] ranging across all continents except Antarctica as well as most oceanic island chains. The group, traditionally recognized as the suborder Lacertilia, is defined as all extant members of the Lepidosauria (reptiles with overlapping scales), which are neither sphenodonts (ie, tuatara) nor snakes. While the snakes are recognized as falling phylogenetically within the anguimorph lizards from which they evolved, the sphenodonts are the sister group to the squamates, the larger monophyletic group, which includes both the lizards and the snakes. Lizards typically have limbs and external ears, while snakes lack both these characteristics. However, because they are defined negatively as excluding snakes, lizards have no unique distinguishing characteristic as a group. Lizards and snakes share a movable quadrate bone, distinguishing them from the sphenodonts, which have a more primitive and solid diapsid skull. Many lizards can detach their tails to escape from predators, an act called autotomy, but this trait is not shared by all lizards. Vision, including color vision, is particularly well ...
  • Baby Ducks 3 - Ducks In a Pond - Best Shot Footage - Stock Footage Ducks in a pond, Baby Ducks. Duck is the common name for a number of species in the Anatidae family of birds. The ducks are divided between several subfamilies in the Anatidae family; they do not represent a monophyletic group but a form taxon, since swans and geese are not considered ducks. Ducks are mostly aquatic birds, mostly smaller than the swans and geese, and may be found in both fresh water and sea water. Ducks are sometimes confused with several types of unrelated water birds with similar forms, such as loons or divers, grebes, gallinules, and coots.
  • DJ Sakin - What Is House ( '94 Trance, Acid) Tool & DJ Sakin - Monophyletic Label: Liquid Rec. Catalog#: LQ 0096 Format: Vinyl, 12" Country: Germany Released: 1994 Genre: Electronic Style: Trance, Acid Producer, Recorded By - Ace Cozmic
  • Heron's In the Fields It is a bird...some call it North America's Bird of Paradise. And here in Spokane Washington we have them by the dozens....And I present them to you in HD...so click on the High Quality or HQ button on your YouTube player The herons are wading birds in the Ardeidae family. Some are called egrets or bitterns instead of herons. Within the family, all members of the genera Botaurus and Ixobrychus are referred to as bitterns, and - including the Zigzag Heron or Zigzag Bittern - are a monophyletic group within the Ardeidae. However, egrets are not a biologically distinct group from the herons, and tend to be named differently because they are mainly white and/or have decorative plumes, and while having the same build as the larger herons tend to be smaller.
  • The Queen Workers and Drones.mp4 Latest Beekeeping news Bees are described as flying insects that are tightly associated to ants and wasps. These are popular for their function in pollination, as well as producing beeswax and honey. Bees belong to the super family Apoidea and are a monophyletic, currently categorized by the taxon name Anthophila. You may be surprised to know that these animals have specific functions that they have to carry out for the rest of their lives.
  • Aquarium - Tetra Fish The Characidae, characids or characins are a family of freshwater subtropical and tropical fish, belonging to the order Characiformes. The name "characins" is the historical one, but scientists today tend to prefer "characids" to reflect their status as a by and large monophyletic group at family rank. To arrive there, this family has undergone much systematic and taxonomic change. Among those fishes that remain in the Characidae for the time being are the tetras, comprising the very similar genera Hemigrammus and Hyphessobrycon, as well as a few related forms such as the cave and neon tetras. Fish of this family are important as food and also include popular aquarium fish species. These fish vary in length, though many are less than 3 centimetres (1 in). The smallest species grows to a maximum length of 13 millimetres (0.5 in). These fish inhabit a wide range and a variety of habitats. They originate in the Americas, ranging from southwestern Texas and Mexico through Central and South America. Many of these fish come from rivers, but for example the blind cave tetra even inhabits caves.
  • Turtle Mating They Take Their Time! Turtle Mating They Take Their Time! Turtles are reptiles of the order Testudines (the crown group of the superorder Chelonia), characterised by a special bony or cartilaginous shell developed from their ribs that acts as a shield. "Turtle" may either refer to the Testudines as a whole, or to particular Testudines which make up a form taxon that is not monophyletic—see also sea turtle, terrapin, tortoise, and the discussion below. The order Testudines includes both extant (living) and extinct species. The earliest known turtles date from 215 million years ago, making turtles one of the oldest reptile groups and a more ancient group than lizards and snakes. About 300 species are alive today,and some are highly endangered. Like other reptiles, turtles are ectotherms—varying their internal temperature according to the ambient environment, commonly called cold-blooded. However, leatherback sea turtle have noticeably higher body temperature than surrounding water because of their high metabolic rate. Like other amniotes (reptiles, dinosaurs, birds, and mammals), they breathe air and do not lay eggs underwater, although many species live in or around water. The largest turtles are aquatic.
  • Convergent Evolution or is It? Dolphins and sharks look alike and live in the ocean, but most people regard them as different types of animals: dolphins are mammals with hair and mammary glands so they are more like us than sharks which have gills and are more like other fish. Scientists call this phenomenon convergent evolution, and there are examples of it in all forms of life. Bats and birds fly and have wings, cacti and euphorbias have spines and grow in deserts, and koalas and humans have finger prints. These organisms are considered by science to have acquired these traits independently of each other - sometimes in response to similar environments. For the scientist it can be exciting to identify examples of convergent evolution. However a recent study of giant plants suggests that the designation may be given erroneously if not enough lines of inquiry are pursued. The giant Lobelia is found globally. Its range includes eastern Africa, the Hawaiian Islands, South America, French Polynesia and southeast Asia. Lobelias are most often found as small, herbaceous plants commonly used as ornamentals. So when the various populations of giant Lobelias were discovered spread across the world, it was assumed that this was an example of convergent evolution: that the herbaceous Lobelia will evolve the giant form in response to particular environments. Alexandre Antonelli published in BMC Biology that all the giant Lobelias are actually related to each other. Scientists call this a monophyletic group meaning ...
  • Lizard VS Ants - HD Stock Footage Lizard Being Eaten By Fire Ant Colony - HD Stock Footage - Lizard VS Ants - HD Stock Videos - Dead Lizard Footage FUN FOOTAGE FACTS: Lizards are a very large and widespread group of squamate reptiles, with nearly 5000 species, ranging across all continents except Antarctica as well as most oceanic island chains. The group, traditionally recognized as the suborder Lacertilia, is defined as all extant members of the Lepidosauria (reptiles with overlapping scales) which are neither sphenodonts (ie, Tuatara) nor snakes. While the snakes are recognized as falling phylogenetically within the anguimorph lizards from which they evolved, the sphenodonts are the sister group to the squamates, the larger monophyletic group which includes both the lizards and the snakes. Lizards typically have limbs and external ears, while snakes lack both these characteristics. However, because they are defined negatively as excluding snakes, lizards have no unique distinguishing characteristic as a group. Lizards and snakes share a movable quadrate bone, distinguishing them from the sphenodonts which have a more primitive and solid diapsid skull. Many lizards can detach their tails in order to escape from predators, an act called autotomy, but this trait is not shared by all lizards. Vision, including color vision, is particularly well developed in most lizards, and most communicate with body language or bright colors on their bodies as well as with pheromones. The adult length of species within ...
  • Humanitarian turtle انسانية سلحفاة Turtles are reptiles of the order Testudines (the crown group of the superorder Chelonia), characterised by a special bony or cartilaginous shell developed from their ribs that acts as a shield. "Turtle" may either refer to the Testudines as a whole, or to particular Testudines which make up a form taxon that is not monophyletic—see also sea turtle, terrapin, tortoise, and the discussion below. The order Testudines includes both extant (living) and extinct species. The earliest known turtles date from 215 million years ago,[2] making turtles one of the oldest reptile groups and a more ancient group than lizards and snakes. Of the many species alive today some are highly endangered.[3] Like other reptiles, turtles are ectotherms—varying their internal temperature according to the ambient environment, commonly called cold-blooded. However, leatherback sea turtles have noticeably higher body temperature than surrounding water because of their high metabolic rate. Like other amniotes (reptiles, dinosaurs, birds, and mammals), they breathe air and do not lay eggs underwater, although many species live in or around water. The largest turtles are aquatic. sbouya.guelmim.sahara.maroc.morocco
  • Tool - Monophyletic (1994) info:
  • Turtle Has An Awesome Orgasm REMIX! Tweet This Video! Subscribe! - A remix is an alternative version of a song, made from an original version. This term is also used for any alterations of media other than song (film, literature etc.). A remixer uses audio mixing to compose an alternate master recording of a song, adding or subtracting elements, or simply changing the equalization, dynamics, pitch, tempo, playing time, or almost any other aspect of the various musical components. Some remixes involve substantial changes to the arrangement of a recorded work, but many are harmonic, such as creating a "vocal up" version of an album cut that emphasizes the lead singer's voice. Songs are remixed for a variety of reasons: * to give a formerly popular song a second chance at radio and club play * to create a stereo or surround sound version of a recording where none was previously available * to improve the fidelity of an older recording in which the original mixdown tape has been lost or degraded * to alter a song to suit a specific music genre or radio format * to alter a song for artistic purposes Remixes should not be confused with edits, which usually involve shortening a final stereo master for marketing or broadcasting purposes. Turtles are reptiles of the order Testudines (the crown group of the superorder Chelonia), characterised by a special bony or cartilaginous shell developed from their ribs that acts as a shield. "Turtle" may either refer to the Testudines as a whole ...
  • Red Parrots Lories Eat Three red parrots. Lories and lorikeets are small to medium-sized arboreal parrots characterized by their specialized brush-tipped tongues for feeding on nectar and soft fruits. The species form a monophyletic group within the parrot family Psittacidae. Traditionally, they were considered one of the two subfamilies in that family (Loriinae), the other was the subfamily Psittacinae, but new insights show that it is placed in the middle of various other groups. To date, this issue has not been resolved scientifically. They are widely distributed throughout the Australasian region, including south-eastern Asia, Polynesia, Papua New Guinea and Australia, and the majority have very brightly colored plumage. Lories and lorikeets have specialized brush-tipped tongues for feeding on nectar and soft fruits. They can feed from the flowers of about 5000 species of plants and use their specialised tongues to take the nectar. The tip of their tongues have tufts of papillae (extremely fine hairs), which collect nectar and pollen. Lorikeets have tapered wings and pointed tails that allow them to fly easily and display great agility. They also have strong feet and legs. They tend to be hyperactive and clownish in personality both in captivity and the wild. Distributed with
  • Sri Lanka,ශ්රී ලංකා,Ceylon,Green Lizard on a tree Lizards are a very large and widespread group of squamate reptiles, with nearly 3800 species,ranging across all continents except Antarctica as well as most oceanic island chains. The group, traditionally recognized as the suborder Lacertilia, is defined as all extant members of the Lepidosauria (reptiles with overlapping scales), which are neither sphenodonts (ie, tuatara) nor snakes. While the snakes are recognized as falling phylogenetically within the anguimorph lizards from which they evolved, the sphenodonts are the sister group to the squamates, the larger monophyletic group, which includes both the lizards and the snakes.Lizards typically have limbs and external ears, while snakes lack both these characteristics. However, because they are defined negatively as excluding snakes, lizards have no unique distinguishing characteristic as a group. Lizards and snakes share a movable quadrate bone, distinguishing them from the sphenodonts, which have a more primitive and solid diapsid skull. Many lizards can detach their tails to escape from predators, an act called autotomy, but this trait is not shared by all lizards. Vision, including color vision, is particularly well developed in most lizards, and most communicate with body language or bright colors on their bodies as well as with pheromones. The adult length of species within the suborder ranges from a few centimetres for some chameleons and geckos to nearly three metres (9 feet, 6 inches) in the case of the largest ...
  • Aquarium - Tetra Fish 2 The Characidae, characids or characins are a family of freshwater subtropical and tropical fish, belonging to the order Characiformes. The name "characins" is the historical one, but scientists today tend to prefer "characids" to reflect their status as a by and large monophyletic group at family rank. To arrive there, this family has undergone much systematic and taxonomic change. Among those fishes that remain in the Characidae for the time being are the tetras, comprising the very similar genera Hemigrammus and Hyphessobrycon, as well as a few related forms such as the cave and neon tetras. Fish of this family are important as food and also include popular aquarium fish species. These fish vary in length, though many are less than 3 centimetres (1 in). The smallest species grows to a maximum length of 13 millimetres (0.5 in). These fish inhabit a wide range and a variety of habitats. They originate in the Americas, ranging from southwestern Texas and Mexico through Central and South America. Many of these fish come from rivers, but for example the blind cave tetra even inhabits caves.
  • Fowl Play Introduction with Jeff Snyder A day on the Upper Yough with Jeff Snyder. As opposed to "fowl", "poultry" is a term for any kind of domesticated bird or bird captive-raised for meat or eggs; ostriches for example are sometimes kept as poultry, but are neither gamefowl nor waterfowl. In colloquial speech, the term "fowl" is however often used near-synonymously with "poultry" or even "bird", and many languages do not distinguish between "poultry" and "fowl". Nonetheless, the fact that Galliformes and Anseriformes most likely form a monophyletic group makes a distinction between "fowl" and "poultry" warranted.
  • So have I learned anything in uni? Part 2 so am I talking bollocks? Science will show us the truth behold, rambling
  • The Ducks, The Girl and The Stalker Duck is the common name for a number of species in the Anatidae family of birds. The ducks are divided between several subfamilies in the Anatidae family; they do not represent a monophyletic group but a form taxon, since swans and geese are not considered ducks. Ducks are mostly aquatic birds, mostly smaller than the swans and geese, and may be found in both fresh water and sea water.
  • Attack of the bees Bees are flying insects closely related to wasps and ants, and are known for their roles of producing honey and beeswax and pollination. Bees are a monophyletic lineage within the superfamily Apoidea, presently classified by the unranked taxon name Anthophila. There are nearly 20000 known species of bees in nine recognized families,[1] though many are undescribed and the actual number is probably higher. They are found on every continent except Antarctica, in every habitat on the planet that contains insect-pollinated flowering plants.
  • A Turtles Road to Freedom Turtles are reptiles of the order Testudines (the crown group of the superorder Chelonia), characterised by a special bony or cartilaginous shell developed from their ribs that acts as a shield. "Turtle" may either refer to the Testudines as a whole, or to particular Testudines which make up a form taxon that is not monophyletic. The order Testudines includes both extant (living) and extinct species. The earliest known turtles date from 215 million years ago, making turtles one of the oldest reptile groups and a more ancient group than lizards and snakes. About 300 species are alive today,[citation needed] and some are highly endangered. Like other reptiles, turtles are ectotherms—varying their internal temperature according to the ambient environment, commonly called cold-blooded. However, leatherback sea turtle have noticeably higher body temperature than surrounding water because of their high metabolic rate. Like other amniotes (reptiles, dinosaurs, birds, and mammals), they breathe air and do not lay eggs underwater, although many species live in or around water. The largest turtles are aquatic.
  • Harlan's Ground Sloth Harlan's Ground Sloth Ground sloths are a diverse group of extinct sloths, mammals in the edentate superorder Xenarthra. They may have died out as recently as 1550 in Hispaniola and Cuba (Nowak, 1999), but had long since been extinct on the mainland. Four of the many named species found in the United States are Harlan's Ground Sloth (Paramylodon harlani), Jefferson's Ground Sloth (Megalonyx jeffersonii), Laurillard's Ground Sloth (Eremotherium laurillardi), and the Shasta Ground Sloth (Nothrotheriops shastensis). All four were massive animals with large claws, and all are thought to have been herbivores. Three species of ground sloths (P. harlani, M. jeffersoni, and N. shastensis) have been found in the assemblage at the La Brea Tar Pits. Harlan's ground sloth was six feet tall when standing. The most common Paramylodon fossil found at La Brea are dermal ossicles: small, oblong spheroids of bone. These small bones were embedded deep in the skin around the neck, shoulders and back of the sloth, and may have served as armor against attacking predators. The smaller ground sloth, less common at the La Brea lagerstätte is the Shasta Ground Sloth. Cryptozoologists often identify the mapinguari, a mythical forest creature of the upper Amazon basin, with a surviving tropical ground sloth or folk memory of these animals. Families[1] Paleontologists divide the more than 80 genera of ground sloths in multiple families. Note that ground sloths do not form a monophyletic group ...
  • white duck White Duck is the common name for a number of species in the Anatidae family of birds. The ducks are divided between several subfamilies listed in full in the Anatidae article; they do not represent a monophyletic group but a form taxon, since swans and geese are not considered ducks. Ducks are mostly aquatic birds, mostly smaller than the swans and geese, and may be found in both fresh water and sea water.
  • Baby Ducks 2 - Ducks In a Pond - Best Shot Footage - Stock Footage Ducks in a pond, Baby Ducks. Duck is the common name for a number of species in the Anatidae family of birds. The ducks are divided between several subfamilies in the Anatidae family; they do not represent a monophyletic group but a form taxon, since swans and geese are not considered ducks. Ducks are mostly aquatic birds, mostly smaller than the swans and geese, and may be found in both fresh water and sea water. Ducks are sometimes confused with several types of unrelated water birds with similar forms, such as loons or divers, grebes, gallinules, and coots.
  • 水族馆- 马逊小鱼 The Characidae, characids or characins are a family of freshwater subtropical and tropical fish, belonging to the order Characiformes. The name "characins" is the historical one, but scientists today tend to prefer "characids" to reflect their status as a by and large monophyletic group at family rank. To arrive there, this family has undergone much systematic and taxonomic change. Among those fishes that remain in the Characidae for the time being are the tetras, comprising the very similar genera Hemigrammus and Hyphessobrycon, as well as a few related forms such as the cave and neon tetras. Fish of this family are important as food and also include popular aquarium fish species. These fish vary in length, though many are less than 3 centimetres (1 in). The smallest species grows to a maximum length of 13 millimetres (0.5 in). These fish inhabit a wide range and a variety of habitats. They originate in the Americas, ranging from southwestern Texas and Mexico through Central and South America. Many of these fish come from rivers, but for example the blind cave tetra even inhabits caves.
  • Nanday conure This is Kristina's Nanday conure. "Conure" is a description, not a statement about relationships; conures are small parrots with eye rings. (It's not a monophyletic group). Wikipedia says they're unusually noisy. Wikipedia is right. The parrot shares a cage with a budgie, who venerates and grooms him. He treats her like a pesky, little sister. She's installed the cage in an entertainment center, because they're more entertaining than the big-screen TV it's designed to house. When he gets too noisy, we close its doors and pretend it's nighttime.
  • Macroevolution Part 2 Part two of the series stressing the point that there can be drawn no point at which a regress of the evolution of life as we know it is limited to seperate, complex life forms. Creationists rely on arbitrary terminology to create a backwards barrier of evolution since they cannot rely on a forwards barrier without resorting to a strawman fallacy that contradicts the law of monophyletic gradualism.
  • Aquarium - Tetra Fish 3 The Characidae, characids or characins are a family of freshwater subtropical and tropical fish, belonging to the order Characiformes. The name "characins" is the historical one, but scientists today tend to prefer "characids" to reflect their status as a by and large monophyletic group at family rank. To arrive there, this family has undergone much systematic and taxonomic change. Among those fishes that remain in the Characidae for the time being are the tetras, comprising the very similar genera Hemigrammus and Hyphessobrycon, as well as a few related forms such as the cave and neon tetras. Fish of this family are important as food and also include popular aquarium fish species. These fish vary in length, though many are less than 3 centimetres (1 in). The smallest species grows to a maximum length of 13 millimetres (0.5 in). These fish inhabit a wide range and a variety of habitats. They originate in the Americas, ranging from southwestern Texas and Mexico through Central and South America. Many of these fish come from rivers, but for example the blind cave tetra even inhabits caves.
  • So have I learned anything in uni? Part 1 Part one of I don't know how many
  • john_s_wilkins: @rmtakata It does need to be monophyletic if it's a taxon name, even in ordinary language
  • rmtakata: @john_s_wilkins It need to be monophyletic only in cladistic taxonomy. Not in every day usage.
  • john_s_wilkins: @rmtakata As said on QI recently, "fish" is a word on menus. Not every word is taxonomic. But if it is, it had better be monophyletic

Blogs & Forum
blogs and forums about monophyletic

  • “So the monophyletic clade 'Aves' would have a single last common So the monophyletic clade 'Aves' would have a single last common ancestor”
    — The DinoBase Public Forum / Layman's question: What are birds?,

  • “Algae - monophyletic groups? by JeanTate " Wed Jul 21, 2010 7:12 pm of the six (?) algae phyla are known to be monophyletic, as defined by their nuclear DNA?”
    — Algae - monophyletic groups? - Biology-Online, biology-

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  • “3) More and more lichenologists tend to assume that every supposedly monophyletic group of species deserves to be treated at the rank of genus. I agree with Pier Luigi's introduction to the Forum discussion”
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